Geology - Easy

Displacement of land.

Earthquakes are vibrations caused by sudden displacement of land.

Earthquake fault types

There are three main types of fault, all of which may cause an interplate earthquake: normal, reverse (thrust), and strike-slip. Normal and reverse faulting are examples of dip-slip, where the displacement along the fault is in the direction of dip and where movement on them involves a vertical component. Normal faults occur mainly in areas where the crust is being extended such as a divergent boundary. 

Wikipedia, Earthquake, 2021

Earthquakes are vibrations caused by sudden displacement of land. This was only known recently, however this was portrayed in the Quran 1400 years before it was discovered.

Quran 67:16

Are you confident that the One in heaven will not cause the earth to collapse beneath you as it vibrates?

١٦ أَأَمِنْتُمْ مَنْ فِي السَّمَاءِ أَنْ يَخْسِفَ بِكُمُ الْأَرْضَ فَإِذَا هِيَ تَمُورُ

"Yakhasif in Arabic يَخْسِفَ" means downward collapse. "Tamur تَمُورُ" means vibrate. Here the land collapse causes vibrations.

How could an illiterate man who lived 1400 years ago have known that earthquakes are vibrations caused by displacement of land?

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