Crucifixion of Jesus is portrayed in the Bible as death on the cross. This same word "crucifixion" also appears in the Quran however contemporary to Joseph. Skeptics claim that whoever wrote the Quran made a mistake; the Romans invented this method 4th century BC so crucifixion could not have been known at the time of Joseph. Today Egyptologists found papyrus depicting crucifixion before Joseph.
Probably originating with the Assyrians and Babylonians, crucifixion was
first used systematically by the Persians. In its earliest form in Persia the
victim was tied to a tree or post, or even impaled on an upright post, with
feet clear of the ground. Only later was a cross used. In the 4th century BC
Alexander the Great adopted crucifixion and brought it to the Mediterranean
shores where his successors...
National Library of Medicine, The History and Pathology of Crucifixion, F P Retief, L Cilliers.
Crucifixion was known and used by Assyrians and Babylonians long before Romans but the victims were tied or impaled on a post instead of a cross. This was only known recently, however this was portrayed in the Quran 1400 years before it was discovered. Joseph told his inmate that he will be crucified.
٤١ يَا صَاحِبَيِ السِّجْنِ أَمَّا أَحَدُكُمَا فَيَسْقِي رَبَّهُ خَمْرًا ۖ وَأَمَّا الْآخَرُ فَيُصْلَبُ فَتَأْكُلُ الطَّيْرُ مِنْ رَأْسِهِ ۚ قُضِيَ الْأَمْرُ الَّذِي فِيهِ تَسْتَفْتِيَانِ
He was crucified on a stake, not on a cross.
"Autad الْأَوْتَادِ" means stakes. Victims were tied or impaled on these stakes.
In another verse it implied that it was not a T shaped cross:
٧١ قَالَ آمَنْتُمْ لَهُ قَبْلَ أَنْ آذَنَ لَكُمْ ۖ إِنَّهُ لَكَبِيرُكُمُ الَّذِي عَلَّمَكُمُ السِّحْرَ ۖ فَلَأُقَطِّعَنَّ أَيْدِيَكُمْ وَأَرْجُلَكُمْ مِنْ خِلَافٍ وَلَأُصَلِّبَنَّكُمْ فِي جُذُوعِ النَّخْلِ وَلَتَعْلَمُنَّ أَيُّنَا أَشَدُّ عَذَابًا وَأَبْقَىٰ
"I will cut off your hands and your feet on alternate sides, and I will crucify you on the trunks of the palm-trees." If the hands were cut off then definitely it was not a T shaped cross, it had to be impalement on stakes. In the same verse it says that he will crucify them on the trunks of palm trees; these are just thicker than the usual stakes as a bigger punishment for them. This method of crucifixion was known and used by Assyrians and Babylonians long before Romans.
Today Egyptologists found papyrus depicting impalement on stakes.
R. Hannig, Die Sprache Der Pharaonen Großes Handwörterbuch Ägyptisch - Deutsch (2800-950 v. Chr.), 1995, Kulturgeschichte Der Antiken Welt - 64, Verlag Philipp Von Zabern: Mainz, p. 929.
Figure 4: Hieroglyph writing for "Stake. rdj hr = To put on the stake (for punishment)"; det. = determinative, hieroglyph for classifying Egyptian words. Here it shows an impaled man bent upon a stake.
R. Hannig, Die Sprache Der Pharaonen Großes Handwörterbuch Ägyptisch - Deutsch (2800-950 v. Chr.), 2000, Kulturgeschichte Der Antiken Welt - 86, Verlag Philipp Von Zabern: Mainz, p. 964.
Number 3 shows impalement on a stake.
W. Heck's Historisch-Biographische Texte Der 2. Zwischenzeit Und Neue Texte Der 18. Dynastie, 1975, Otto Harrassowitz: Wiesbaden, p. 10.
Papyrus Boulaq 18 is dated to the early Second Intermediate Period reign of Chendjer / Sobekhotep II; both of them kings from the 13th Dynasty. It is translated as:
"a blood bath (?) had occurred with (by?) wood (?) ... the comrade was put on the stake, land near the island ...; waking alive at the places of life, safety and health ..."
This proves that impalement on stake was known and used by Egyptians before Joseph.
How could an illiterate man who lived 1400 years ago have known if crucifixion was known or not?
(In the Christian Bible Jesus insists that the only sign we should verify is him being in the grave for three days and three nights (Matthew 12:38-40). So we are checking: He was crucified on Friday afternoon, the day before the Sabbath (Mark 15:42), and then he was resurrected on Sunday morning (Mark 16:9). Between Friday afternoon and Sunday morning there is 36 hours. Can anyone fit within those 36 hours three days and three nights?)
The Quran (Koran, the book of Islam) contains scientific knowledge that could not have been known 1400 years ago. It ranges from basic arithmetics to the most advanced topics in astrophysics. You are invited to go through those miracles and judge for yourself.
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